9016 - NFA BYLAW 1301: NFA ASSESSMENT FEE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR FCMS
(Staff, revised January 1, 2002; April 1, 2002; July 1, 2002; September 17, 2002; January 1, 2003; January 1, 2005; August 1, 2005; January 1, 2008; January 1, 2011; June 20, 2011; October 25, 2011; October 27, 2011; June 5, 2012; September 1, 2012; January 3, 2013; and July 18, 2013.)
From time to time NFA receives questions from Members regarding NFA's assessment fees. Areas of frequent inquiry include the manner and frequency of payment, the proper form of invoicing the assessment fee and the applicability of the assessment fee in different situations. Following is a compilation of the most frequently asked questions and their answers. Members may wish to refer to this compilation when a question regarding assessment fees arises.
1. Q: What is a futures contract "round-turn"?
A: The term "round-turn" as used in NFA Bylaw 1301(b) is intended to include all transactions where an actual futures position is closed out or offset. This would include futures positions closed out by delivery, cash settlement, through an exchange for physicals, and as a result of the transfer to the carrying FCM from another FCM of offsetting futures contracts.
[Note: Although the NFA assessment fee for futures is calculated on a round-turn basis, NFA Bylaws leave Member FCMs free to invoice and accrue the fee at any point in a round-turn or to split the fee among transactions which make up a round-turn.]
2. Q: What is meant by "per trade" for the options assessment fee?
A: The term "per trade" as used in NFA Bylaw 1301(b) means a purchase or sale of an option but does not include the exercise or expiration of an option. However, if an option is exercised, NFA's assessment fee will be assessed on the underlying futures transaction on a round-turn basis.
1. Q: How much is the NFA assessment fee?
A: As of January 1, 2011, the NFA assessment fee, payable by FCMs with respect to futures contracts, is $.02 per side, invoiced to customers. The assessment fee on both exchange-traded and dealer options is $.02 per side.
Effective October 1, 2014, question and answer one above will read as follows:
1. Q: How much is the NFA assessment fee?
A: As of October 1, 2014, the NFA assessment fee, payable by FCMs with respect to futures contracts, is $.01 per side, invoiced to customers. The assessment fee on both exchange-traded and dealer options is $.01 per side.
2. Q: Is there a different NFA assessment fee for futures contracts that have a very small notional value?
A: Yes. At its May 2012 meeting, the Board adopted an Interpretive Notice to NFA Bylaw 1301(b) entitled NFA's Assessment Fee-Diminutive Notional Value Contracts and Security Futures Products to impose a reduced NFA assessment fee upon diminutive notional value ("DNV") futures contracts. The NFA assessment fee rate for DNV contracts is $0.00008 per round-turn, with a minimum fee of $0.01 per round-turn. The Interpretive Notice further permits the Executive Committee upon application by a contract market or exempt commercial market to designate contracts as DNV contracts. Refer to the list of designated DNV contracts.
3. Q: What is the amount of the NFA assessment fee for security futures contracts and to which accounts is it applied?
A: Effective September 1, 2012, the assessment fee is $.00008 per round-turn, with a minimum fee of $.01 per round-turn. If any computation results in a fraction of a cent, the fee will be rounded to the nearest penny. NFA's assessment fee applies to security futures contracts held in a commodity futures account only.
4. Q: When is the NFA assessment fee payable?
A: The assessment fee is payable 30 days following the end of the month for all transactions effected during that month.
5. Q: Does NFA furnish a form for the monthly payment of NFA assessment fees?
A: Yes. NFA distributes an NFA Assessment Fee Summary Report each month and worksheets upon request. FCMs are required to remit NFA assessment fees on time regardless of whether forms were received by the FCM.
6. Q: Must NFA FCM Members submit the assessment fee worksheet and Assessment Fee Summary Report with their payment?
A: NFA will accept assessment fee formats which vary from the worksheet submitted to Members for their convenience. Members should be able to adequately justify and document reasons for variation from the worksheet. All FCMs are required, however, to submit the Assessment Fee Summary Report without modification.
1. Q: Can an FCM combine the NFA assessment fee with commissions in its statement to customers?
A: No. Assessment fee amounts must be shown or included in a line item on the customer statement separate from the line item which is used to designate commissions. Such an item may be devoted exclusively to the NFA assessment fee or may include other fees (i.e., a miscellaneous fees category). If, however, the amount indicated in the line is higher than the applicable NFA assessment fee, the customer must receive notice either on the statement or in a separate document of the actual amount of the NFA assessment fee.
2. Q: Must an FCM invoice to the customer the NFA assessment fee?
A: Yes. Bylaw 1301(b)(i) requires that the assessment fee be invoiced to customers.
3. Q: May the assessment fee be invoiced on a monthly statement?
A: Yes. Although Bylaw 1301(b)(i) requires that an FCM Member invoice assessments to its customers and remit the amount due to NFA, the FCM is given some discretion as to how the customer is invoiced. Invoicing through monthly statements or purchase and sale statements are both acceptable methods.
4. Q: May the NFA assessment fee on futures transactions be invoiced to customers at the opening of a futures position?
A: Yes. The invoicing requirement of Bylaw 1301(b) does not restrict or prescribe the timing of the invoicing.
IV. Applicability of NFA Assessment Fee
1. Q: Does the assessment fee apply to accounts of persons having "privileges of membership" on a contract market?
A: No. NFA Bylaw 1301(b)(i) makes the NFA assessment fee inapplicable to trades of customers who have "privileges of membership on a contract market where such contract is entered (except that this exemption does not apply to transactions by commodity pools operated by NFA Member CPOs)." If the exchange formally recognizes the customer as a member, the NFA assessment fee does not apply.
2. Q: Does the assessment fee apply to commodity pools operated by NFA Members?
A: Yes. If a commodity pool (exempt or non-exempt) is operated by an NFA Member and has privileges of membership on a contract market where such contract is entered, then the commodity pool is still required to pay assessment fees. The assessment fee also applies to an exempt commodity pool operated by a non-Member unless the pool has privileges of membership on a contract market.
3. Q: Does the assessment fee apply to proprietary accounts?
A: Generally, accounts belonging to affiliated firms which wholly own, are wholly owned by, or share 100 percent ownership with the FCM are exempt from paying the NFA assessment fee if the transactions are executed on an exchange where the FCM is a member. There are two exceptions to this general rule.
First, any account that is in the name of a commodity pool operated by an NFA Member CPO is subject to the NFA assessment fee, regardless of affiliations or exchange memberships. Second, any account where someone other than the exchange member FCM or affiliate makes deposits in the account or bears the risk of loss is subject to the assessment fee.
4. Q: If an FCM carries an omnibus account for another FCM which is an NFA Member, which FCM is liable to NFA for the assessment fee on trades in the omnibus account?
A: The originating FCM is liable to NFA.
5. Q: Would an FCM carrying an omnibus account ever be liable to NFA for the assessment fee on trades in the omnibus account?
A: Yes. If the originating broker is not an FCM Member, the carrying FCM pays the fee. This situation would arise where the originating broker is a foreign broker.
6. Q: Does an FCM pay an assessment fee on trades on a non-U.S. customer on a domestic exchange?
A: Yes. The assessment fee applies to trades on domestic exchanges without regard to the nationality or residence of the customer.
7. Q: Does the assessment fee apply to trades of U.S. customers on foreign exchanges?
A: Generally, yes. Foreign futures and options are assessed the assessment fee at the same rates applicable to domestic futures and options. There are two exceptions: 1) The "omnibus account" exemption, discussed under Part IV, question 5, applies to foreign futures and options. (A "U.S. customer" includes any customer who resides in the United States, its territories or possessions); and 2) The exemption referenced in Bylaw 1301 (b) (i) (D) (2) regarding proprietary trades of a person who has privileges of membership on certain NFA Member contract markets (irrespective of whether that person is a member of the foreign exchange).
8. Q: Does the assessment fee apply to trades of non-U.S. customers on foreign exchanges?
A: No. Trades by non-U.S. customers on foreign exchanges are excluded from the definition of "foreign futures and options" and therefore are not subject to the assessment fee.
9. Q: Does an FCM pay an assessment fee on transactions which are merely bookkeeping entries such as those made to correct errors or to transfer a position from the books of one FCM to the books of another?
A: No. The term "round-turn" excludes offsets which do not represent an actual transaction but which are merely bookkeeping entries such as those made to correct errors or to transfer a position from the books of one FCM to the books of another.
10. Q: Concerning linked-market transactions, how do NFA assessment fees apply to futures positions executed on a foreign exchange (e.g., the Singapore International Monetary Exchange ("SIMEX")) to be offset against positions executed on a domestic exchange (e.g., the Chicago Mercantile Exchange ("CME")) and vice versa?
A: Any futures transaction that is carried as a CME trade by an FCM Member for the account of a customer (except trades which under Bylaw 1301(b) are not assessable) will be subject to an NFA assessment fee upon completion of the round-turn even though one or both sides of the round-turn may have been actually executed on SIMEX. Any transaction that is carried as a SIMEX trade by an FCM Member for the account of a U.S. customer (except trades which under Bylaw 1301(b) are not assessable) will be subject to an NFA assessment fee. Any trade that is executed on the CME but is transferred to a SIMEX member and the SIMEX clearing house through the Mutual Offset System will not be subject to an NFA assessment fee.
11. Q: Does the NFA assessment fee apply to Over-the-Counter ("OTC") transactions?
A: If the OTC transaction does not occur on or subject to the rules of a futures exchange, the NFA assessment fee does not apply. InterContinental Exchange ("ICE") trades are examples of OTC transactions that are exempt from the NFA assessment fee.
12. Q: Does the NFA assessment fee apply to transactions on the International Petroleum Exchange ("IPE")?
A: Unlike ICE, IPE is a futures market. Consequently, IPE trades are subject to the NFA assessment fee.