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Bylaws



BYLAW 301. REQUIREMENTS AND RESTRICTIONS.
[Effective dates of amendments: April 11, 1983; July 28, 1983; September 16, 1983; June 4, 1985; August 1, 1985; January 28, 1986; December 30, 1986; July 29, 1988; January 1, 1990; October 29, 1991; August 16, 1993; September 21, 1993; April 1, 1997; March 10, 1998; March 18, 2003; July 21, 2003; September 15, 2003; December 15, 2004; November 18, 2009; September 30, 2010; October 1, 2011; July 18, 2012; January 1, 2013; and February 20, 2014.]

(a) Eligibility for Membership.

    (i) No person, unless eligible for membership in the contract market category, shall be eligible to become or remain an NFA Member or associated with a Member unless such person is registered, provisionally registered, temporarily licensed or exempt from registration under the Commodity Exchange Act (hereinafter "Act") or the rules of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (hereinafter "Commission").

    (ii) Except as provided in paragraph (e) below, no person shall be eligible to become or remain a Member or associated with a Member who:

      (A) Has been and is suspended or expelled from a registered futures association or contract market for violating any rule of the association or contract market that:

        (1) prohibits any act or transaction constituting conduct inconsistent with just and equitable principles of trade; or

        (2) requires any act which, if omitted, constitutes conduct inconsistent with such principles;

      (B) Has been and is barred or suspended from being associated with all members of a registered futures association or contract market for violating a rule described in paragraph (A) above;

      (C) Is subject to an order of the Commission denying, suspending or revoking the person's registration under Section 6(b) of the Act; expelling or suspending the person from membership in a registered futures association or contract market; or barring or suspending the person from being associated with an FCM;

      (D) Whether before or after becoming a Member or associated with a Member, was, by the person's conduct while associated with a Member, a cause of any suspension, expulsion or order described in paragraphs (a)(ii)(A)-(C) above that is in effect with respect to the person; or

      (E) Has associated with the person any other person who is known to, or in the exercise of reasonable care should be known to, the person to be ineligible to become or remain a Member or associated with a Member under paragraphs (a)(ii)(A)-(D) above.

    (iii) No person, unless eligible for membership in the contract market category or solely in the Swap Dealer ("SD") or Major Swap Participant ("MSP") category, shall be eligible to become or remain a Member unless at least one of its principals is registered as an "associated person" under the Act and Commission Rules.

      (1) If any Member fails to have at least one principal that is registered as an "associated person" NFA shall deem that Member's failure to be a request to withdraw from NFA membership and shall notify that Member accordingly.

(b) Registration of Associates.

No person may be associated with a Member of NFA unless the person is registered with NFA as an Associate or is an NFA Member. As used in these Bylaws, the term "associated with a Member" means any person who is associated with a Member of NFA within the meaning of the term "associated person" as used in the Act or Commission Rules and who is required to be registered as such with the Commission. Registration with NFA as an Associate is not registration as an associated person under the Act.

(c) Restrictions on Becoming or Remaining a Member or Associated with a Member.

A person may be deemed disqualified to become or remain a Member or associated with a Member-

    (i) If a prior registration under the Act of such person in any capacity has been suspended (and the period of such suspension has not expired) or has been revoked;

    (ii) If registration of such person in any capacity has been refused within five years preceding the filing of the application for membership or at any time thereafter;

    (iii) If such person is permanently or temporarily enjoined by order, judgment or decree of any court of competent jurisdiction, including an order entered pursuant to an agreement of settlement to which the Commission or any Federal or State agency or other governmental body is a party, from:

      (A) acting as a futures commission merchant, introducing broker, floor broker, commodity trading advisor, commodity pool operator, leverage transaction merchant, associated person of any registrant under the Act, securities broker, securities dealer, municipal securities broker, municipal securities dealer, transfer agent, clearing agency, securities information processor, investment adviser, investment company or affiliated person or employee of any of the foregoing; or

      (B) engaging in or continuing any activity involving any transaction in or advice concerning contracts of sale of a commodity for future delivery, concerning matters subject to Commission regulation under Section 4c or 19 of the Act, or concerning securities;

    (iv) If such person has been convicted of any felony or if such person has been convicted within 10 years preceding the filing of the application for membership or at any time thereafter of any misdemeanor that:

      (A) involves any transactions or advice concerning any contract of sale of a commodity for future delivery, or any activity subject to Commission regulation under Section 4c or 19 of the Act, or concerning a security;

      (B) arises out of the conduct of the business of a futures commission merchant, introducing broker, floor broker, commodity trading advisor, commodity pool operator, leverage transaction merchant, associated person of any registrant under the Act, securities broker, securities dealer, municipal securities broker, municipal securities dealer, transfer agent, clearing agency, securities information processor, investment adviser, investment company, or an affiliated person or employee of any of the foregoing;

      (C) involves embezzlement, theft, extortion, fraud, fraudulent conversion, misappropriation of funds, securities of property, forgery, counterfeiting, false pretenses, bribery, or gambling; or

      (D) involves the violation of Section 152, 1341, 1342, or 1343, or Chapter 25, 47, 95, or 96 of Title 18, United States Code;

    (v) If such person has been found by any court of competent jurisdiction, by the Commission or any Federal or State agency or other governmental body, or by settlement agreement to which the Commission or any Federal or State agency or other governmental body is a party:

      (A) to have violated any provision of the Act, the Securities Act of 1933, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, the Investment Company Act of 1940, the Securities Investors Protection Act of 1970, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, or any similar statute of a State or foreign jurisdiction, or any rule, regulation, or order under any such statutes, or the rules of the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board; or

      (B) to have willfully aided, abetted, counseled, commanded, induced, or procured such violation by any other person;

    (vi) If such person is subject to an outstanding order denying trading privileges on any contract market to such person, denying, suspending, expelling or revoking such person's membership in any contract market, registered futures association or any other self-regulatory organization, or barring or suspending such person from being associated with a registrant under the Act or with a member of a contract market, registered futures association or other self-regulatory association;

    (vii) If such person is a futures commission merchant or introducing broker and shall knowingly accept any order for the purchase or sale of any commodity for future delivery on or subject to the rules of any contract market from any person denied trading privileges on a contract market by order of the Commission under Section 6(b) of the Act and the period of denial specified in such order shall not have expired;

    (viii) Such person failed reasonably to supervise another person, who is subject to such person's supervision, with a view to preventing violations of the Act, or of any of the statutes set forth in paragraph (c)(v) of this Bylaw or of any of the rules, regulations, or orders thereunder, and the person subject to supervision committed such a violation: Provided, however, that no person shall be deemed to have failed reasonably to supervise another person, within the meaning of this paragraph if:

      (A) there have been established procedures, and a system for applying such procedures, which would reasonably be expected to prevent and detect, insofar as practicable, any such violation by such other person, and

      (B) such person has reasonably discharged the duties and obligations incumbent upon that person, as supervisor, by reason of such procedures and system, without reasonable cause to believe that such procedures and system were not being complied with;

    (ix) Such person was debarred by any agency of the United States from contracting with the United States;

    (x) Such person willfully made any material false or misleading statement or willfully omitted to state any material fact in any application of such person for registration under the Act or for membership in NFA, in any report required to be filed with the Commission by the Act or the regulations thereunder, in any proceeding before the Commission, in any report required to be filed with NFA or in any proceeding before any Committee of NFA;

    (xi) Such person has pleaded nolo contendere to criminal charges of felonious conduct, or has been convicted in a State court or in a foreign court of conduct which would constitute a felony under Federal law if the offense has been committed under Federal jurisdiction;

    (xii) In the case of an applicant for membership in any capacity to which NFA's Financial Requirements apply, such person has not established that such person meets NFA's Financial Requirements;

    (xiii) Such person has been found by any court of competent jurisdiction or by any Federal or State agency or other governmental body, or by agreement of settlement to which any Federal or State agency or other governmental body is a party:

      (A) to have violated any statute or any rule, regulation, or order thereunder which involves embezzlement, theft, extortion, fraud, fraudulent conversion, misappropriation of funds, securities or property, forgery, counterfeiting, false pretenses, bribery, or gambling; or

      (B) to have willfully aided, abetted, counseled, commanded, induced or procured such violation by any other person;

    (xiv) Such person has associated with any other person and knows, or in the exercise of reasonable care should know, of facts regarding such other person that are set forth as statutory disqualifications in Section 8a(2) of the Act, unless such person has notified the Commission or NFA, if NFA has been authorized or required to make the determination described in Section 4k(5) of the Act with respect to such other person, of such facts and the Commission or NFA, as the case may be, has determined that such other person should be registered or temporarily licensed;

    (xv) There is other good cause; or

    (xvi) Any principal has been or could be refused membership: Provided, however, that for the purposes of this Bylaw, "principal" shall mean any entity or individual defined as "principal" in NFA Registration Rule 101.

(d) Qualification.

Except as provided in paragraph (e) below, no person may become or remain an FCM, RFED, SD, MSP, CTA, CPO, IB or LTM Member or associated with such a Member unless qualified to do so in conformity with such standards of training and experience and proficiency testing requirements as NFA shall establish and such other qualification standards as NFA finds necessary or desirable.

(e) Exceptions from Ineligibility, Restrictions and Qualifications.

A person who is ineligible or disqualified to become or remain a Member or associated with a Member under paragraphs (a) or (d) above may nevertheless become or remain a Member or associated with a Member:

    (i) Subject to the provisions of Section 17(b)(3) of the Act, upon a finding by the Membership Committee (See Chapter 7) that the reason for ineligibility does not cause the person to pose a threat to Members, Associates or customers; or

    (ii) In such other situations as may be approved or directed by the Commission.

(f) Application.

    (i) All applications to become a Member or to register as an Associate shall be filed electronically and provide such information as required by the Membership Committee. The Member or applicant for membership shall file all applications for itself and its Associates by accessing NFA's registration and membership database in the manner provided by NFA. Each Member or applicant for membership shall designate the person or persons authorized to file its application and the applications of its Associates. NFA may require any individual applying for registration as an Associate to electronically verify the information contained in the application. Applicants for registration as Associates may not authorize any other person to make such verification on their behalf. Each applicant for membership shall pay such application fee as the Membership Committee may prescribe from time to time.

    (ii) The electronic filing of the application or verification of the information contained in the application shall constitute:

      (A) a representation that the information supplied in the application is complete and accurate;

      (B) a representation that the applicant or Member has authorized the person filing the application to make such filing and all representations and agreements required by this paragraph; and

      (C) an express agreement by the applicant that, if admitted to NFA membership or registered as an Associate, the applicant shall become and remain bound by all NFA requirements as are then and thereafter in effect and that such agreement shall apply each time the applicant becomes a Member or Associate.

    (iii) An application may be returned by the Secretary of NFA without action if it is materially incomplete or materially inaccurate.

    (iv) Database Security.

      (A) No applicant, Member or Associate may access NFA's electronic registration and membership database until NFA has assigned it a unique identifying code and password;

      (B) Each applicant, Member and Associate is responsible for maintaining the security and confidentiality of its identifying code and password and those of the persons whom it authorizes, if permitted, to make electronic registration filings on its behalf. NFA's electronic registration and membership database shall record and store the identifying code of each person accessing NFA's database and shall logically associate in the database such identifying code with any electronic filing made by the person using such identifying code. The person whose identifying code is used to make an electronic filing will be deemed to have made such filing;

      (C) Each FCM, SD, MSP, RFED, IB, CPO or CTA applicant or Member shall make available any person it has authorized to make or actually performing duties related to electronic filings, for testimony in court or before the Commission, NFA or any contract market regarding the authentication, integrity or accuracy of any electronic filing; and

      (D) The ability to electronically access NFA's registration and membership database is a privilege and not a right. NFA may disable any person's identifying code and password and terminate the person's ability to access the database at any time, without notice or a hearing, in NFA's sole discretion, if NFA believes that the person has not complied with this Bylaw or any procedures that NFA establishes to implement this Bylaw.

    (v) Any required application fee shall be sent to the Secretary for processing, in accordance with such procedures as shall be adopted by the Membership Committee.

    (vi) As soon as practicable after the application is received and reviewed, the Secretary shall notify the applicant of the action taken (See paragraph (g) below).

(g) Denial and Revocation.

    (i) If the President has reason to believe that: (1) an applicant for membership or registration with NFA as an Associate does not meet the qualifications set forth in this Chapter for NFA membership or association with a Member, as the case may be; (2) a Member or registered Associate does not meet the qualifications set forth in this Chapter for continuation as a Member or Associate; or (3) the person has submitted an intentionally incomplete, inaccurate or otherwise false application to NFA for membership or registration as an Associate, the President shall promptly so notify the person in writing and furnish a copy of the notice to the Membership Committee, setting forth the specific grounds for the determination. The person shall be given an opportunity to show in writing to the President that the qualifications are met, or that the application is not intentionally incomplete, inaccurate or false. If the person requests, or if the Membership Committee orders, a hearing shall be held before the Membership Committee or its designated Subcommittee, and a record shall be kept. Such designated Subcommittee shall consist of one member of the Membership Committee and two members of NFA's Hearing Committee, unless the applicant or Member is an SD or MSP, in which case at least one of the members of the designated Subcommittee shall also be affiliated with an SD or MSP Member, respectively. At least one of the members of the designated Subcommittee shall not be an NFA Member or Associate or an employee of an NFA Member. Each member of the designated Subcommittee shall be appointed by a majority of the Membership Committee. The person may be represented at the hearing, and submit evidence in the proceeding, call and examine witnesses, examine the evidence upon which the President's determination was based, and, in the discretion of the Membership Committee or its designated Subcommittee, present written or oral argument. No member of the Membership Committee or a designated Subcommittee shall participate in a membership action if the member, or any person with whom the member is connected, has a finanial, personal or other direct interest in the matter under consideration or is disqualified under Bylaw 708(c).

    (ii) If a hearing before the Membership Committee is held, the Committee or Subcommittee shall make a final, written determination upon the record before it, setting forth the specific grounds for its determination. Such determination shall include the specific grounds for the denial, bar, expulsion or restriction; the findings made concerning those grounds; and an explanation of the result reached in light of the grounds of ineligibility found and the findings made. A copy of the determination shall promptly be sent to the person

    (iii) (A) The Respondent may appeal any adverse decision of the Membership Committee or Subcommittee issued under Bylaw 301(g)(ii) to the Appeals Committee by filing a written notice of appeal with NFA within 15 days after the date of the decision. The notice must describe those aspects of the membership action to which exception is taken, and must contain any request by the Respondent to present written or oral argument.

    (B) The Appeals Committee may also order review of any decision of the Membership Committee or Subcommittee issued under Bylaw 301(g)(ii). If such a review will be conducted, the Appeals Committee will give written notice to the Respondent within 15 days of the date of the decision. Such review may be conducted by the Appeals Committee:

      (1) on its own motion, or

      (2) pursuant to a petition filed by the Registration and Membership Department, the granting of which shall be discretionary with the Appeals Committee. The petition will state why the Registration and Membership Department is seeking review and must contain any request by the Registration and Membership Department to present written or oral argument.

    (C) The Respondent's filing of a notice of appeal under paragraph (A) above or the institution by the Appeals Committee of its own review under paragraph (B) above shall operate as a stay of the effective date of the membership order, until the Appeals Committee renders its decision.

    (D) No member of the Appeals Committee shall participate in the proceeding if the member participated in any prior stage of the membership proceeding (other than the review of a settlement offer) or if the member, or any person with which the member is connected, has a financial, personal or other direct interest in the matter under consideration or is disqualified under Bylaw 708(c). Except for good cause shown, the appeal or review shall be conducted solely on the record before the Membership Committee or Subcommittee, the written exceptions filed under paragraph (a) above, and such written or oral arguments of the parties as the Appeals Committee may authorize.

    (E) If the Appeals Committee authorizes written argument, briefs shall be filed as follows unless otherwise ordered by the Appeals Committee:

      (1) the party required to submit the initial brief shall file it with NFA's Legal Docketing Department and serve it on the other parties to the appeal within 30 days after the Appeals Committee issues an order authorizing written argument;

      (2) the responding party shall file its brief with NFA's Legal Docketing Department and serve it on the other parties to the appeal within 30 days after service of the initial brief;

      (3) the party which filed the initial brief may file an answer to the responding brief with NFA's Legal Docketing Department and serve it on the other parties to the appeal within 10 days after service of the responding party's brief;

      (4) the initial brief or responding brief of any party shall not exceed 35 pages and the answer to the responding brief shall not exceed 10 pages, exclusive of any table of contents, table of cases, index and appendix containing transcripts of testimony, exhibits, rules and regulations; and

      (5) no other written argument on substantive issues raised on appeal will be accepted from the parties or considered by the Appeals Committee.

    (F) Promptly after reviewing the matter, the Appeals Committee shall issue a written and dated decision, based on the weight of the evidence. The decision shall include:

      (1) the specific grounds for the denial, bar, expulsion or restriction and its effective date;

      (2) the finding made by the Appeals Committee concerning those grounds;

      (3) an explanation for the results reached in light of the grounds for ineligibility found;

      (4) a statement that any person aggrieved by the membership action may appeal the action pursuant to Commission Regulations, Part 171, within 30 days of service; and

      (5) a statement that any person aggrieved by the membership action may petition the Commission for a stay of the effective date pursuant to Commission Regulations, Part 171, within 10 days of service.

    (G) The decision of the Appeals Committee shall be final 30 days after the date of service.

(h) Suspension and Termination of Membership and Associate Membership.

The membership or Associate membership of any person may be terminated or withdrawn as set forth below. Termination or withdrawal of a person's membership or associate membership shall not relieve the Member or Associate of any responsibility under the NFA Code of Arbitration, Member Arbitration Rules, Bylaws, Compliance Rules, Financial Requirements, Registration Rules, Interpretive Notices or Orders issued by the Executive Committee, Membership Committee, Appeals Committee, Hearing Committee or any designated Subcommittee or Panel of such Committees for activities prior to termination, or of the obligation to pay any dues, assessments, fines, penalties or other charges theretofore accrued and unpaid.

    (i) Termination of Temporary License.

    The termination of the temporary license of any Member or Associate shall also terminate such person's membership or associate membership unless such person remains otherwise eligible for membership under Bylaw 301(a).

    (ii) Withdrawal of Registration.

    The membership of any Member that withdraws all registrations under the Act shall be withdrawn without further prior notice.

    (iii) Termination of Employment as Associate.

    Each Member shall promptly file a Form 8-T, completed and filed in accordance with all pertinent instructions, notifying the Secretary of the termination of employment of any registered or pending Associate with the Member. Unless otherwise provided by these Bylaws or NFA Registration Rules, Members and applicants for membership must file their Form 8-Ts electronically by accessing NFA's registration and membership database in the manner provided by NFA. If such person is no longer listed as an Associate of any Member following such termination, the individual’s registration with NFA as an Associate shall terminate.

    (iv) Withdrawal from Membership or Application for Membership.

    A Member may request to withdraw its application for membership at any time before approval or request to withdraw from membership at any time by filing a Form 7-W, completed and filed in accordance with all pertinent instructions. Unless otherwise provided by these Bylaws or NFA Registration Rules, Members and applicants for membership must file their Form 7-Ws electronically by accessing NFA's registration and membership database in the manner provided by NFA. A request to withdraw an application for membership will become effective on the 30th day after the Member files the request, or earlier upon notice from NFA of the granting of such request. A request to withdraw from membership, including a deemed request to withdraw from membership, will become effective on the 30th day after the Member files or is deemed to have made the request, or earlier upon notice from NFA of the granting of such request, unless prior to the effective date NFA notifies the Member in writing that the request is denied because:

      (1) NFA has instituted a proceeding under Bylaw 301(g) or Part 3 of the Compliance Rules;

      (2) NFA is imposing or intends to impose terms or conditions upon such withdrawal from membership;

      (3) The Member is currently the subject of an investigation to determine, among other things, whether the Member has violated, is violating, or is about to violate NFA Bylaws, Compliance Rules, Financial Requirements, Registration Rules, Interpretive Notices or Orders issued by the Executive Committee, Membership Committee, Appeals Committee, Hearing Committee or any designated Subcommittee or Panel of such Committees;

      (4) NFA has requested, is requesting or intends to request from the Member further information pertaining to its request for withdrawal from membership; or

      (5) NFA has determined that it would be contrary to NFA's Articles of Incorporation, Bylaws, Compliance Rules, Financial Requirements, Registration Rules, Interpretive Notices or Orders issued by the Executive Committee, Membership Committee, Appeals Committee, Hearing Committee or any designated Subcommittee or Panel of such Committees, or to the public interest to permit such withdrawal from membership.

    (v) Failure to Notify of Address Change (See Bylaw 301(i)).

    (vi) Default in Payment of Dues or Assessment or Audit Fees (See Bylaw 1303).

    (vii) Suspension and Revocation.

    The membership of any Member or any person associated with a Member whose registration under the Act is suspended shall be suspended for the term of the registration suspension without further prior notice. The membership of any Member or any person associated with a Member whose registration under the Act is revoked shall terminate without further prior notice.

    (viii) Failure to Submit Annual Questionnaire.

    On an annual basis, NFA shall provide each NFA Member FCM for which NFA is the Designated Self-Regulatory Organization, RFED, IB, SD, MSP, CPO, CTA, and LTM with a questionnaire concerning its business activities. The Member shall complete the questionnaire and submit the completed questionnaire on the date specified thereon. NFA shall deem the failure to file the completed questionnaire within 30 days following such date a request to withdraw from NFA membership, and shall notify the Member accordingly.

(i) Name and Address.

(a) Each Member shall at all times register and maintain with the Secretary its correct name and principal address, and the correct name and address of each registered Associate employed by the Member. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this Bylaw, the principal address of each Member and the address of each registered Associate currently on file with NFA shall be deemed by NFA the correct address for delivery to the Member or Associate of any written communication, document or notice from NFA. Delivery of any written communication, document or notice shall be complete upon mailing, delivery to a generally recognized overnight courier service or delivery to a messenger service. The failure of a Member to notify NFA of a change in the Member's principal address shall constitute grounds for summary suspension or termination of the NFA membership of such Member by order of the President on seven days' written notice.

(b) Each Member may provide to NFA, and if provided, shall maintain, in the manner required by NFA, one or more email addresses for the purpose of receiving communications, documents or notices from NFA. Unless a different method of delivery is specifically required, NFA may deliver any communication, document or notice to the email address or addresses currently on file. The email address or addresses currently on file shall be deemed by NFA the correct address or addresses for delivery to the Member of the communication, document or notice by email. Delivery of any communication, document or notice by email shall be complete upon sending.

(j) Eligibility to Conduct Forex Activities.

    (i) Any Member that is registered with the Commission as an FCM, RFED, IB, CPO, or CTA and engages in forex activities must be approved as a forex firm by NFA.

      (1) In addition to being approved by NFA as a forex firm, an RFED or an FCM that is a Forex Dealer Member must also be designated by NFA as an approved Forex Dealer Member.

        (A) No FCM may be designated as an approved Forex Dealer Member unless such FCM provides NFA with satisfactory evidence that it meets the requirements in NFA Financial Requirements Section 11.

    (ii) Any person associated with a Member that is registered with the Commission as an FCM, RFED, IB, CPO, or CTA and engages in forex activities must be approved as a forex associated person by NFA in order to engage in forex activities on behalf of such Member.

    (iii) No Member may be approved as a forex firm unless at least one of its principals is registered as an "associated person" and approved as a forex associated person.

      (1) If any Member that has been approved as a forex firm fails to have at least one principal that is registered as an "associated person" and approved as a forex associated person, then NFA shall deem such failure as a request to have the approval of the Member as a forex firm withdrawn and shall notify that Member accordingly.

    (iv) Any request for designation as an approved Forex Dealer Member or approval as a forex firm or forex associated person must be filed electronically through NFA's Online Registration System.

    (v) Any individual applying for designation as an approved Forex Dealer Member or approval as a forex firm or forex associated person shall not be granted designation as an approved Forex Dealer Member or approval as a forex firm or forex associated person unless:

      (1) The applicant has satisfied the proficiency requirements under NFA Registration Rule 401(a) or 401(e) and:

        (A) NFA has received satisfactory evidence that the applicant has taken and passed the Retail Off-Exchange Forex Examination (Series 34) on a date which is no more than two years prior to the date the application is received by NFA;

        (B) NFA has received satisfactory evidence that the applicant has taken and passed the Retail Off-Exchange Forex Examination (Series 34) and since the date the applicant last passed such examination, there has been no period of two consecutive years during which the applicant has not been either registered as a FB, AP or principal of an FCM, RFED, IB, CTA, CPO, or LTM; or

        (C) the applicant was duly registered under the Act as a FB, AP or sole proprietor FCM, IB, CTA, CPO or LTM on May 22, 2008, and there has been no period of two consecutive years since May 22, 2008, during which the applicant has not been registered as a FB, AP or principal of an FCM, RFED, IB, CTA, CPO or LTM.

(k) Withdrawal of Designation as an Approved Forex Dealer Member or Approval as a Forex Firm.

A Member may request that its designation, or pending application for designation, as an approved Forex Dealer Member or approval, or pending application for approval, as a forex firm be withdrawn by filing such a request through NFA's Online Registration System. Such a request shall become effective on the 30th day after the Member files the request, or earlier upon notice from NFA of the granting of such request.

    (i) Withdrawal of the approval of a Member as a forex firm shall also result in the withdrawal of the designation of the Member as an approved Forex Dealer Member.

(l) Eligibility to Conduct Swaps Activities.

    (i) Any Member that is registered with the Commission as an FCM, IB, CPO, or CTA and engages in activities involving swaps subject to the jurisdiction of the CFTC must be approved as a swaps firm by NFA.

    (ii) Any person associated with a Member that is registered with the Commission as an FCM, IB, CPO, or CTA and engages in activities involving swaps subject to the jurisdiction of the CFTC must be approved as a swaps associated person by NFA in order to engage in swaps activities on behalf of such Member.

    (iii) No Member may be approved as a swaps firm unless at least one of its principals is registered as an "associated person" and approved as a swaps associated person.

    (iv) If any Member that has been approved as a swaps firm fails to have at least one principal that is registered as an "associated person" and approved as a swaps associated person, then NFA shall deem such failure as a request to have the approval of the Member as a swaps firm withdrawn and shall notify that Member accordingly.

    (v) Any request for approval as a swaps firm or swaps associated person must be filed electronically through NFA's Online Registration System.

(m) Withdrawal of Approval as a Swaps Firm.

A Member may request that its approval, or pending application for approval, as a swaps firm be withdrawn by filing such a request through NFA's Online Registration System. Such a request shall become effective on the 30th day after the Member files the request, or earlier upon notice from NFA of the granting of such request.

(n) Notice.

NFA may provide any notice required by Bylaw 301 electronically unless written notice is specifically required. Notices provided electronically shall be complete upon display in NFA's Online Registration System. Notices provided in writing shall be complete upon mailing.

 
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